Radio Programe

Throughout the first term we’ve analyzed all the factors that led to the development of the first industrial revolution and it’s impact.

TASK: 

Part A.

Make 3/4 questions to your interviewee. Provide the answers to your questions. Make sure your questions are a reflection of the times, the political, social and economic context as well as a clear example of the character that is being interviewed.

Part B.

Get together with those in your same area: Inventions – The Art – Society.

Together with those in your same area, prepare an opinion panel on ONE of the following:

  1. The role of women.
  2. Changes in health.
  3. Working conditions.
  4. Religion.
  5. The Arts.

Part C.

Make a jingle to use as a separation between the two parts of the radio programme. Make sure your jingle is on a topic related to the times of the Industrial Revolution.

OUR PROJECT:

https://voicethread.com/myvoice/thread/11015446/

I first worked with Victoria Quiroga and did an interview to the historical chracter we had previously chosen: Elizabeth Fry. In the interview we asked her several questions related to all the progress she had made in order to improve the conditions of British prisons and reform prisoners.

  1. What were your concerns about the treatment prisoners received? Tell us about your book…

When I visited Newgate prison in London, I was horrified by the conditions they lived in. The women section was overcrowded with women and children, some of whom hadn’t received a trial. They did the cooking and washing in small cells in which they slept on straw.

Moreover, I started thinking there was a need for a change in the way prisoners were being transported. Women of Newgate Prison were taken through the streets of London in open carts, often in chains, huddled together with their few possessions. They were pelted with rotten food and filth by the people of the city.

I wrote a book known as ”Prisons in Scotland and the North of England” in order to transmit my testimony and my experience when visiting prisons not only in England but all over Europe and invited the nobility to experience what my eyes have seen.

2. Some people have criticized the fact that you were not following the “the role of women” you were supposed to. What would you say to those people out there?

First of all, I don’t believe in the stereotype women are forced to follow. Just think about it. Why would I stay home waiting for my husband to return from work when I could be out there helping people who need it the most? Of course, I love my eleven children and my husband but I also love my work and the changes I am producing in society. So please, reconsider your stereotype of women because every one of you ladies should do what you love no matter what other people think.

3. Wait a minute, I’ve heard that you established an early shelter for homeless people in London. Is that true? I think it is awesome, could you tell us some details about this project?

After seeing the body of a young boy in the winter of 1820 I decided I needed to do something about this terrible situation by helping the homeless. That’s why I organized a visit to Brighton where I instituted the Brighton district visiting society. This society is arranged for volunteers to visit the homes of those poor people and provide them with help and comfort. The plan was so successful that it expanded all over Britain. I am so glad people are joining me on this project because together we are making progress. 

 

Publicado en 5AC2018, history, Ingles, Uncategorized | Deja un comentario

Rusia 2018

A lo largo del primer trimestre en la materia de historia se nos asignó a cada uno de los alumnos un país que participará en el mundial de fútbol  Rusia 2018.

A mí me fue asignado Costa Rica. Con motivo de ello y en relaciona dicho país, tuve que realizar una presentación caracterizando el mismo en sus distintos aspectos: geográfico, político, cultural, social, etc.

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Publicado en 5AC2018, Castellano, historia | Deja un comentario

Descriptive & Imaginative writing

Task: choose 2 pictures and write a description connecting them.

-Describe the places in detail

-Describe the situation (use your imagination) and the feelings of the people.

-Think about the mood

I worked with Trini Torrendell and we’ve chosen the following pictures to write a description about:

In the first picture, we can see a couple having dinner in a sumptuous restaurant. 

She seems to be a middle age woman, around her thirties. A skinny, tanned good looking lady. With a sophisticated modern look. In contrast, the prime man’s complexion is well built, he has dark brown hair, a long mustache and is wearing a new black-color plain suit.

Worried about the future trip they dreamed and planned to do since they were little kids aggressively she yelled at him: Ugh! Every time you make decisions that involve us both your never take me into account!                    Surrounded by a tense atmosphere, with a puzzled look on his face, he cautiously retired humiliated on account of her squeals. 

After being stood up in Carl’s restaurant both decided that they needed some time in order to consider whether or not they should continue with their relationship. 

For that reason, she went to visit her parents at San Francisco, Colorado. 

The mountains were covered in a thick blanket of white snow. Placed at the top of the mountain she was able to admire the beauty of God’s creation. Breath pale against the numbing air, she blinked thoughtfully as the frost patiently kissed her face, captivated by the soft. She adored the snow. 

Far away from the city and its responsibilities she decided to return back home and rekindle and light the passion of their relationship. 

Publicado en 5AC2018, Ingles, language, literature | 1 comentario

Elizabeth Fry-Histagrams

After working on the different stages of Economy that would lead to the emergence of capitalism we have stopped and done research on  important characters during the Industrial Revolution. I’ve worked with Victoria Quiroga on Elizabeth Fry. In order to recreate a vivid image of her and the role she played in society during the 19th century, we have created Histagrams. 

Wanna check ours and get to know Elizabeth fry?

https://www.instagram.com/betsy_fry1780/

For more info, here’s a short bio on Elizabeth fry: 

Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845) was a pioneering campaigner for better conditions in prisons during the Victorian Period. She was a middle-class Quaker who sought to highlight the squalid and unsanitary conditions in British prisons and provide practical solutions to help improve conditions and reform prisoners. Gaining the support of prominence members of society, such as Queen Victoria and Florence Nightingale, she played an important role in later legislation which improved conditions in prisons.

Publicado en 5AC2018, history, Ingles | Deja un comentario

Mind Mapping

TASK: Create a digital digital mindmap covering the topics related to “Social Impact on Capitalism

I’ve worked with: Eugenia Kenny, Sol Bernusi and Trinidad Torrendell.

Publicado en 5AC2018, history, Ingles | Deja un comentario

Quiz on connectors

Here is our quiz on connectors. I’ve worked with Victoria Quiroga, Sofía Montoya and Trinidad Torrendell.

Go check it out!

Good luck!

 

Publicado en 5AC2018, Ingles, language, literature | Deja un comentario

To an Evening Star by William Blake

TASK: Answer the questions in the form of a poster and post it in your blog. Illustrate the poem with photos. I worked with: Trinidad Torrendell, Sol Bernusi and Eugnia Kenny.

Publicado en 5AC2018, Ingles, literature | Deja un comentario

“An Evening in Paradise”

EVENING IN PARADISE, JOHN MILTON (XVII)

Group work: Kenny, Quiroga, Giambruni, Bernusi, Torrendell and Donato

  • What kind of writer was he? Explain.

1)  Characteristics of Metaphysical poets 

  • He wrote Paradise Lost. What is it about?

2) Summary of the poem:

Paradise Lost is about Adam and Eve, how they came to be created and how they came to lose their place in the Garden of Eden, also called Paradise. It’s the same story you find in the first pages of Genesis, expanded by Milton into a very long, detailed, narrative poem. It also includes the story of the origin of Satan. Originally, he was called Lucifer, an angel in heaven who led his followers in a war against God, and was ultimately sent with them to hell. Thirst for revenge led him to cause man’s downfall by turning into a serpent and tempting Eve to eat the forbidden fruit.

  • Now, read the poem and say what you understand from it using your own words.

3)  The poem starts describing an evening in which every minute is more quiet and darker. All animals are asleep except for the wakeful nightingale with is singing. The writer describes the evening as similar to paradise and the day as the time to work. In that way, paradise is achieved, if you work hard when you are still alive.

4) Analogy: is a literary device that helps to establish a relationship based on similarities between two concepts or ideas. By using an analogy we can convey a new idea by using the blueprint of an old one as a basis for understanding. With a mental linkage between the two, one can create understanding regarding the new concept in a simple and succinct manner. 

In the poem this literary is device is employed to build up a relationship between the two concepts which differ from each other: “Evening and Paradise”.

The analogy in this poem is that after having worked during most of your life, peaceful nights would come and leading you to paradise.

Evening: “Silence” ; “Twilight”

Paradise: “Majesty” ; “Brightest”

5) 

  •  Analogy: is a literary device that helps to establish a relationship based on similarities between two concepts or ideas. By using an analogy we can convey a new idea by using the blueprint of an old one as a basis for understanding. With a mental linkage between the two, one can create understanding regarding the new concept in a simple and succinct manner. 
  • Symbolism: Symbolism can take different forms. Generally, it is an object representing another, to give an entirely different meaning that is much deeper and more significant.
  • Personification: Personification is a figure of speech in which a thing – an idea or an animal – is given human attributes. The non-human objects are portrayed in such a way that we feel they have the ability to act like human beings.

6)

It could account as a funeral scene.

Although, Milton uses peaceful images to link both concepts: Evening and Paradise.          In some way, he is leading us to the path of death and taking us away from life by describing in deep the majesty of heaven.

Stages: DAY/SLEEP/DEATH/PARADISE 

Publicado en 5AC2018, Ingles, literature, Uncategorized | Deja un comentario

Analyzing quotes: Games at Twillight

I worked with Sofia Montoya and Tota Lupi and in the following virtual period we had to select 10 quotes taken from the story we had already read called Games at Twilight written by Anita Desai and analyze them.

  • The ignominy of being forgotten – how could he face it?

This Quote represents a very important moment in the story where we can find Ravi reflecting about life and how frustrating it is to be forgotten by your own friends.

  • “Silence by a terrible sense of his insignificante”

In this quote Ravi is going through a moment of accepting reality and how disgusting it is to be forgotten by your own friends. When someone remembers you is because he cares about you and you are significant for that person, this means Ravi wasn’t neither remembered or significant to his friends.

  • “His voice broke with rage and pity at the disgrace of it all and he felt himself flooded with tears and misery.”

This quote represents the moment at which Ravi realized he has been forgotten. He went out of the shed and saw his friends playing another game, while he was hiding. This quote shows the exactly feeling of loneliness and disappointment, the misery and pain of not having won and being forgotten.

  • “He had wanted victory and triumph – not a funeral.”

This quotes shows the importance of the game for Ravi. It was clear that for him it meant more than just a little kids game, and he really wanted to win. But after realizing that he couldn’t win because his friends were playing another game he had ended up in his own funeral.

  • “…his success had occupied him so wholly that he had quite forgotten that success had to be clinched by that final dash to victory…”

This quote represents the feelings of Ravi throughout all the story. First,  he wanted to succeed and for that reason he was happy and enthusiastic. He felt as if he was the best hide and sick player. But then, when he realized that for succeeding he needed to finish the game, that was the moment he realized he was not the best player because he had not touched the wall to be a winner.

  •  He…wondered how many more creatures were watching him, waiting to reach out and touch him, the stranger.

    The following quote shows how Ravi was feeling when hiding on the shelter, afraid of the dark and all the animals that could be hiding with him. He saw Raghu as the stranger who was trying to catch and touch him and the animals and creepy things he imagined were the creatures.
  • It took them a minute to grasp what he was saying, even who he was. They had quite forgotten him.

    Ravi had been forgotten. Alone in the shelter after long hours of being hided in the dark he was still playing the game, but his friends didn’t, they were already starting to play another game. As he came out of the shed and shouted that he had won and the other children stared at him in amazement, the fantasy that he had created crushed and he ended up humiliated.
  • It was an insect…exploring him.

    Ravi has chosen to hide on the unused shed. It was seldom opened and filled with the detritus of the households broken chairs and tables, old buckets and such like. He had never been inside when it was lit up, much less in pitch darkness like now. The smells emanating from the inside suggested there were different sorts of creatures hiding  in there. Ravi was glad he had got away from Raghu but also terrified by the spooky insides of the shed where nothing was visible. But there was something he felt crawling at the back of his neck, a spider!
  • No life stirred at this arid time of day

    The following quote shows the weather at India where the whole story takes place. Desai provides very vivid imagery such as this throughout the story to remind us of the dogged, unforgiving heat by direct description.
  • To defeat Raghu…and to be the winner…would be thrilling beyond imagination.

This quote directly illustrates the theme of fantasy vs reality because it represent the part when Ravi was going to win and was so proud of himself that he didn’t realize how long he had been hiding. It represents his fantasy of being as good as the older kids.

Publicado en 4AC2017, literature | Deja un comentario

Last Virtual Period: History

TASK: In it, you have to do some research on the development of the railway network in Argentina (as influenced by the English) in the 1800. Provide also a map of the network at the time. (You can/should establish a comparison with the network nowadays and/or with the network in England in the 1800).

 

The Argentine railway network consisted of a 47,000 km network at the end of the Second World War and was, in its time, one of the most extensive and prosperous in the world. However, with the increase in highway construction, there followed a sharp decline in railway profitability, leading to the break-up in 1993 of Ferrocarriles Argentinos (FA), the state railroad corporation. During the period following privatisation, private and provincial railway companies were created and resurrected some of the major passenger routes that FA once operated.

Dissatisfied with the private management of the railways, beginning in 2012 and following the Once Tragedy, the national government started to re-nationalise some of the private operators and ceased to renew their contracts. At the same time, Operadora Ferroviaria Sociedad del Estado (SOFSE) was formed to manage the lines which were gradually taken over by the government in this period and Argentina’s railways began receiving far greater investment than in previous decades. In 2014, the government also began replacing the long distance rolling stock and rails and ultimately put forward a proposal in 2015 which revived Ferrocarriles Argentinos as Nuevos Ferrocarriles Argentinos later that year.

The railroad network today, with its 36,966 km size, is now somewhat smaller than it once was, though still the 8th largest in the world.

DEVELOPMENT:

The importance of foreign capital in the construction of the Argentine railways is perhaps overstated, with initial construction of the network beginning in 1855 at first with Argentine finance, which continued throughout the network’s development. The Buenos Aires Western, Great Western and Great Southern railways (today the part of the San Martín, Sarmiento and Roca railways respectively) were all commenced using Argentine capital with the Buenos Aires Western Railway being the first to open its doors in the country, along with its Del Parque railway station.

Following the adoption of liberal economic policies by president Bartolomé Mitre, these railways were sold off to foreign private interests, consisting of mostly British companies, in what would be the first of many acts where the ideological climate of the time would define the fate of the Argentine railways. These sales also included Argentina’s first railway, the Buenos Aires Western (by now 1,014 km long), which was sold in 1890 to the British company New Western Railway of Buenos Aires for just over 8.1 million pounds (close to £500 million in 2005 money). This sale, and others that came after it, was heavily criticised at the time for being far lower than the actual value of the railway, and prompted many anti-British protests. In later years, this was also criticised by historians:

During the 27 years in which it belonged to the Government of the Province of Buenos Aires, the Western Railway was the line which was most luxurious, least wasteful […] and offered the most economical fares and cargo rates. It was a model company which was the pride of Argentina, in relation to which all the English railway companies established in our country were, without exception, second-rate…[But after the sale] the unnecessary growth in spending, largely due to the disproportionate increase in employees, the resulting decrease in returns and the rise in ticket prices made up a definite intent to sabotage: the Western Railway would quickly be discredited in the public opinion.

In the years that followed, there were numerous cases of undervalued sales to British investors, including the 1,000 km long Andean Railway, which provoked much anti-British sentiment in the country. By 1910 the network had been monopolised by British companies, owned by large finance firms such as J.S. Morgan & Co. in London. Nevertheless, major development of the Argentine rail network occurred up to this period. and the Argentine state also played a large role, financing ferrocarriles de fomento (development railways) in rural areas not attractive to private interests, while the Argentine State Railway had a 9,690 km network.

By 1914, the Argentine rail network attained significant growth having added 30,000 km to the network between 1895 and 1914, which positioned the country as having the tenth largest rail network in the world in that year, at a point where the country had the tenth highest per-capita GDP in the world. Its expansion accelerated greatly due to the need for the transport of agricultural products and cattle in Buenos Aires Province. The rail network converged on the city of Buenos Aires and was a key component in the development of the Argentine economy as it rose to be a leading export country. However, with the advent of the First World War, then subsequently the Wall Street Crash and Great Depression, the rail network of the country experienced a much lower rate of growth after this period and had mostly ground to a halt by the beginning of the Second World War.

Whereas the British network in 1800:

The start of the modern railway age is usually marked by the opening in 1825 of the Stockton & Darlington line. Other, mostly local, lines followed, the most important of which was the Liverpool and Manchester of 1830, famous for Robert Stephenson’s Rocket locomotive. With its multi tube boiler, blast pipe exhaust, pistons connected directly to the driving wheels and its ability to haul its train at over 30 miles per hour, this machine set the standard for locomotive design. The first long distance lines were opened in the first years of Queen Victoria’s reign, the London and Birmingham in 1838, part of Brunel’s London to Bristol route the same year and the London and Southampton in 1840. A railway boom and mania followed during the 1840s, with promoters and speculators planning lines all over Britain.

Like the steamship, the railway predates the Victorian era.

By 1845 2441 miles of railway were open and 30 million passengers were being carried. The railways, offering as they did new opportunities for travel and commerce, and breaking down social barriers in the process, were immediately popular, a popularity encouraged by acts of parliament that ensured that trains conformed to standards of speed and comfort and offered rates that were affordable by all. The spread of the railways also brought about, through time-tabling, a regularisation of time throughout Britain. Excursions and day trips, particularly to the seaside, became a familiar part of British social life. In 1851 many of the six million visitors to the Great Exhibition travelled by train to London in organised excursions. Queen Victoria made her first train journey on 13 June 1842 and then became a regular user of the rail network, for speed and convenience and because it gave her ample opportunity to show herself and her family to her subjects.

Expansion of the rail network was rapid and continuous. Between 1861 and 1888 the mileage grew by 81 percent and the traffic carried by 180 percent. By 1900, 18,680 miles were in use and over 1100 million passengers were being carried, along with huge quantities of freight. From 1852 the carriage of freight provided the railway companies with the bulk of their income. Safety standards, at first almost non-existent, gradually improved with advances in signalling and vehicle technology. By the end of the century trains ran regularly, and with complete safety, at speeds in excess of 70 miles per hour. Comfort also improved. The first lavatories appeared in family saloons in the 1860s, the first proper sleeping cars were introduced in 1873 and dining cars came into use from 1879.

Publicado en 4AC2017, history | Deja un comentario