Analyzing quotes: Games at Twillight

I worked with Sofia Montoya and Tota Lupi and in the following virtual period we had to select 10 quotes taken from the story we had already read called Games at Twilight written by Anita Desai and analyze them.

  • The ignominy of being forgotten – how could he face it?

This Quote represents a very important moment in the story where we can find Ravi reflecting about life and how frustrating it is to be forgotten by your own friends.

  • “Silence by a terrible sense of his insignificante”

In this quote Ravi is going through a moment of accepting reality and how disgusting it is to be forgotten by your own friends. When someone remembers you is because he cares about you and you are significant for that person, this means Ravi wasn’t neither remembered or significant to his friends.

  • “His voice broke with rage and pity at the disgrace of it all and he felt himself flooded with tears and misery.”

This quote represents the moment at which Ravi realized he has been forgotten. He went out of the shed and saw his friends playing another game, while he was hiding. This quote shows the exactly feeling of loneliness and disappointment, the misery and pain of not having won and being forgotten.

  • “He had wanted victory and triumph – not a funeral.”

This quotes shows the importance of the game for Ravi. It was clear that for him it meant more than just a little kids game, and he really wanted to win. But after realizing that he couldn’t win because his friends were playing another game he had ended up in his own funeral.

  • “…his success had occupied him so wholly that he had quite forgotten that success had to be clinched by that final dash to victory…”

This quote represents the feelings of Ravi throughout all the story. First,  he wanted to succeed and for that reason he was happy and enthusiastic. He felt as if he was the best hide and sick player. But then, when he realized that for succeeding he needed to finish the game, that was the moment he realized he was not the best player because he had not touched the wall to be a winner.

  •  He…wondered how many more creatures were watching him, waiting to reach out and touch him, the stranger.

    The following quote shows how Ravi was feeling when hiding on the shelter, afraid of the dark and all the animals that could be hiding with him. He saw Raghu as the stranger who was trying to catch and touch him and the animals and creepy things he imagined were the creatures.
  • It took them a minute to grasp what he was saying, even who he was. They had quite forgotten him.

    Ravi had been forgotten. Alone in the shelter after long hours of being hided in the dark he was still playing the game, but his friends didn’t, they were already starting to play another game. As he came out of the shed and shouted that he had won and the other children stared at him in amazement, the fantasy that he had created crushed and he ended up humiliated.
  • It was an insect…exploring him.

    Ravi has chosen to hide on the unused shed. It was seldom opened and filled with the detritus of the households broken chairs and tables, old buckets and such like. He had never been inside when it was lit up, much less in pitch darkness like now. The smells emanating from the inside suggested there were different sorts of creatures hiding  in there. Ravi was glad he had got away from Raghu but also terrified by the spooky insides of the shed where nothing was visible. But there was something he felt crawling at the back of his neck, a spider!
  • No life stirred at this arid time of day

    The following quote shows the weather at India where the whole story takes place. Desai provides very vivid imagery such as this throughout the story to remind us of the dogged, unforgiving heat by direct description.
  • To defeat Raghu…and to be the winner…would be thrilling beyond imagination.

This quote directly illustrates the theme of fantasy vs reality because it represent the part when Ravi was going to win and was so proud of himself that he didn’t realize how long he had been hiding. It represents his fantasy of being as good as the older kids.

Publicado en 4AC2017, literature | Deja un comentario

Last Virtual Period: History

TASK: In it, you have to do some research on the development of the railway network in Argentina (as influenced by the English) in the 1800. Provide also a map of the network at the time. (You can/should establish a comparison with the network nowadays and/or with the network in England in the 1800).

 

The Argentine railway network consisted of a 47,000 km network at the end of the Second World War and was, in its time, one of the most extensive and prosperous in the world. However, with the increase in highway construction, there followed a sharp decline in railway profitability, leading to the break-up in 1993 of Ferrocarriles Argentinos (FA), the state railroad corporation. During the period following privatisation, private and provincial railway companies were created and resurrected some of the major passenger routes that FA once operated.

Dissatisfied with the private management of the railways, beginning in 2012 and following the Once Tragedy, the national government started to re-nationalise some of the private operators and ceased to renew their contracts. At the same time, Operadora Ferroviaria Sociedad del Estado (SOFSE) was formed to manage the lines which were gradually taken over by the government in this period and Argentina’s railways began receiving far greater investment than in previous decades. In 2014, the government also began replacing the long distance rolling stock and rails and ultimately put forward a proposal in 2015 which revived Ferrocarriles Argentinos as Nuevos Ferrocarriles Argentinos later that year.

The railroad network today, with its 36,966 km size, is now somewhat smaller than it once was, though still the 8th largest in the world.

DEVELOPMENT:

The importance of foreign capital in the construction of the Argentine railways is perhaps overstated, with initial construction of the network beginning in 1855 at first with Argentine finance, which continued throughout the network’s development. The Buenos Aires Western, Great Western and Great Southern railways (today the part of the San Martín, Sarmiento and Roca railways respectively) were all commenced using Argentine capital with the Buenos Aires Western Railway being the first to open its doors in the country, along with its Del Parque railway station.

Following the adoption of liberal economic policies by president Bartolomé Mitre, these railways were sold off to foreign private interests, consisting of mostly British companies, in what would be the first of many acts where the ideological climate of the time would define the fate of the Argentine railways. These sales also included Argentina’s first railway, the Buenos Aires Western (by now 1,014 km long), which was sold in 1890 to the British company New Western Railway of Buenos Aires for just over 8.1 million pounds (close to £500 million in 2005 money). This sale, and others that came after it, was heavily criticised at the time for being far lower than the actual value of the railway, and prompted many anti-British protests. In later years, this was also criticised by historians:

During the 27 years in which it belonged to the Government of the Province of Buenos Aires, the Western Railway was the line which was most luxurious, least wasteful […] and offered the most economical fares and cargo rates. It was a model company which was the pride of Argentina, in relation to which all the English railway companies established in our country were, without exception, second-rate…[But after the sale] the unnecessary growth in spending, largely due to the disproportionate increase in employees, the resulting decrease in returns and the rise in ticket prices made up a definite intent to sabotage: the Western Railway would quickly be discredited in the public opinion.

In the years that followed, there were numerous cases of undervalued sales to British investors, including the 1,000 km long Andean Railway, which provoked much anti-British sentiment in the country. By 1910 the network had been monopolised by British companies, owned by large finance firms such as J.S. Morgan & Co. in London. Nevertheless, major development of the Argentine rail network occurred up to this period. and the Argentine state also played a large role, financing ferrocarriles de fomento (development railways) in rural areas not attractive to private interests, while the Argentine State Railway had a 9,690 km network.

By 1914, the Argentine rail network attained significant growth having added 30,000 km to the network between 1895 and 1914, which positioned the country as having the tenth largest rail network in the world in that year, at a point where the country had the tenth highest per-capita GDP in the world. Its expansion accelerated greatly due to the need for the transport of agricultural products and cattle in Buenos Aires Province. The rail network converged on the city of Buenos Aires and was a key component in the development of the Argentine economy as it rose to be a leading export country. However, with the advent of the First World War, then subsequently the Wall Street Crash and Great Depression, the rail network of the country experienced a much lower rate of growth after this period and had mostly ground to a halt by the beginning of the Second World War.

Whereas the British network in 1800:

The start of the modern railway age is usually marked by the opening in 1825 of the Stockton & Darlington line. Other, mostly local, lines followed, the most important of which was the Liverpool and Manchester of 1830, famous for Robert Stephenson’s Rocket locomotive. With its multi tube boiler, blast pipe exhaust, pistons connected directly to the driving wheels and its ability to haul its train at over 30 miles per hour, this machine set the standard for locomotive design. The first long distance lines were opened in the first years of Queen Victoria’s reign, the London and Birmingham in 1838, part of Brunel’s London to Bristol route the same year and the London and Southampton in 1840. A railway boom and mania followed during the 1840s, with promoters and speculators planning lines all over Britain.

Like the steamship, the railway predates the Victorian era.

By 1845 2441 miles of railway were open and 30 million passengers were being carried. The railways, offering as they did new opportunities for travel and commerce, and breaking down social barriers in the process, were immediately popular, a popularity encouraged by acts of parliament that ensured that trains conformed to standards of speed and comfort and offered rates that were affordable by all. The spread of the railways also brought about, through time-tabling, a regularisation of time throughout Britain. Excursions and day trips, particularly to the seaside, became a familiar part of British social life. In 1851 many of the six million visitors to the Great Exhibition travelled by train to London in organised excursions. Queen Victoria made her first train journey on 13 June 1842 and then became a regular user of the rail network, for speed and convenience and because it gave her ample opportunity to show herself and her family to her subjects.

Expansion of the rail network was rapid and continuous. Between 1861 and 1888 the mileage grew by 81 percent and the traffic carried by 180 percent. By 1900, 18,680 miles were in use and over 1100 million passengers were being carried, along with huge quantities of freight. From 1852 the carriage of freight provided the railway companies with the bulk of their income. Safety standards, at first almost non-existent, gradually improved with advances in signalling and vehicle technology. By the end of the century trains ran regularly, and with complete safety, at speeds in excess of 70 miles per hour. Comfort also improved. The first lavatories appeared in family saloons in the 1860s, the first proper sleeping cars were introduced in 1873 and dining cars came into use from 1879.

Publicado en 4AC2017, history | Deja un comentario

Ensayo de Literatura

Felicitas Donato
18 de noviembre de 2017

Boom Latinoamericano

Escribir un ensayo argumentativo en el cual se justifique la relación de los cuentos de El llano en llamas, de Juan Rulfo, con la narrativa característica de los autores del boom latinoamericano.

El boom latinoamericano es un fenómeno editorial que surge en la década del 20. En este, se dan a conocer escritores y novelas muy importantes pertenecientes a la lengua española. El fin del mismo es describir las características que convierten a América en un territorio único.

Ambos relatos, ‘Nos han dado la tierra’ y ‘La noche que lo dejaron solo’, presentan una visión desesperanzada del mundo, casi siempre a través del monólogo interior de los personajes. Aunque se trata de historias diferentes, tienen en común la memoria del pasado, los estragos de la revolución mexicana que tanto marcó la vida y obra de Juan Rulfo. El escritor, editor y fotógrafo le toco sufrir en carne propia la revolución y el fanatismo extremo de la cristiada (movimiento religioso entre 1926 y 1932). Por este motivo, el recurre permanentemente a temas como la pobreza, la utilización de la tierra, el maltrato y el autoritarismo. El mismo implementa técnicas literarias que reflejan las problemáticas sociales y la violencia.

El siguiente relato, ‘Nos han dado la tierra’, narra la historia de cuatro personajes ex revolucionarios (Faustino, Melitón, Esteban, y el narrador) que se sitúa en un contexto posterior a la revolución, originada por la mala repartición de tierras. Los cuatro personajes, se dirigen en busca de una tierra que les ha otorgado el gobierno. Todo acontece en un lugar absolutamente desolado. Un desierto, donde el calor es sofocante, el camino es agotador y ni siquiera podían hablar.

El lugar desolado muestra la ausencia de vida, el poco futuro esperado, un presente que representa una agonía. “Después de tantas horas de caminar sin encontrar ni una sombra de árbol, ni una semilla de árbol, ni una raíz de nada” no hay árboles, ni siquiera semillas de los mismos, lo más extremo del llano. La naturaleza es a su vez comparada con la civilización “Se saborea ese olor de la gente como si fuera una esperanza”.
“No decimos lo que pensamos. Hace ya tiempo que se nos acabaron las ganas de hablar..Cae una gota de agua, grande gorda, haciendo un agujero en la tierra y dejando plata como la de un salivazo….Cae sola…no llueve”.“Esta es la tierra que nos han dado.”
Claramente los campesinos se encuentra desorientados. Solo habita en ellos la desilusión, y la nada. No hay tierra, no hay esperanza. El pueblo mexicano representado por estos 4 personajes se ha resignado y ha dejado todo en manos del gobierno, sus libertades, sus derechos, absolutamente todo. Se encuentran ante un gobierno opresivo y nada benefactor.
“Todos levantamos la cara y vemos un nube negra y pesada que pasa por encima de nuestras cabezas. Y pensamos: puede que si.”
La nube negra podría simbolizar el estado posterior a la revolución y la gota de agua, la tierra que les han dado. El estado no solo se ha apropiado de sus derechos y libertades, sino que incluso les ha quitado sus armas y caballos. Estos datos podrían simbolizar la perdida de control de la seguridad (o la posibilidad de rebelarse) y la imposibilidad de convertirse en una clase social ascendente. Después de la Revolución y tanta lucha, los mexicanos querían evitar cualquier tipo de amenaza que perjudicara la estabilidad del Estado. No era manera para peticionar al Estado para que les diese una mejor tierra sino una falsa promesa de la burocracia.

La naturaleza se transforma casi en el protagonista del cuento, jugando un rol muy importante. Abundando la descripción sobre la misma. Finalmente, el lector concluye sabiendo más sobre la tierra prometida que sobre los personajes. Una porción de tierra es la recompensa para los campesinos, luego de la revolución. Pero la tierra que el gobierno les ha dado es completamente inútil y las promesas (sombra, agua y tierras de cultivo) simbolizan las esperanzas de la revolución que se encuentran fuera de su alcance. La tierra dura e inhospitable que fue impuesta sobre los hombres por el gobierno simboliza la realidad de la situación política. Es casi como si los hombres nunca podrán ganar y las metas de la revolución alcanzar.
Rulfo, nuevamente, construye un relato oscuro, falto de alegría. Un cuento que se construye desde la nada, pero que refleja ese vacío en el cual se encontraba el pueblo mexicano en los años posteriores a la revolución. Deja un mensaje claro, para tiempos de incertidumbre y transición, la esperanza nunca debe agotarse. Debe ser vista como fuente en el pasado que no se ahoga en el recuerdo olvidado sino que se actualiza en un presente que ya no es desolador sino tenuemente esperanzador.

Por otro lado, se encuentra la siguiente obra literaria escrita por Juan Rulfo, basada en un señor llamado Feliciano Ruedas con sus dos compañeros que transportaban armas en la noche para que no los vieran los arrieros, al comenzar la subida se sintió cansado, su cabeza empezó a moverse despacio al igual que sus pasos, se detuvo cerrando sus ojos y le dijo a sus compañeros que se fueran, luego él se recostó en el tronco de un árbol y se quedo dormido. Al oír grito rápidamente se levanto, lo arrieros pasaron junto a el y lo saludaron, el respondió y siguió corriendo. Sus dos compañeros, Tanis y Librado, habían sido capturados y colgados. Ya muertos, Feliciano se echo a correr sin mirar atrás.
En este cuento Juan Rulfo, trata una circunstancia de violencia social, en la que el protagonista tiene que vivir escapando de los soldados y recorrer un largo camino, el cual lo lleva hasta la escalofriante escena en la que se presenta la muerte violenta de sus dos tíos. Este, toma lugar entre 1926 y 1929 durante la que se conoce como la Guerra Cristera, un conflicto armado de Mexico posterior a la revolución entre el gobierno y milicias de laicos, presbíteros y religiosos católicos que resistían la aplicación de la llamada Ley Calles que proponía limitar el culto catolico en la nación.
Si bien, este resulta ser el más débil del conjunto. También trata sobre una persecución; pero esta vez el perseguido, Feliciano Ruelas, logra salvarse, como pocas veces ocurre en los personajes rulfianos en tales situaciones. Ambos, se dan en un contexto posrevolucionario, en un clima árido e inhóspito, en un gobierno opresivo, y en una situación de pobreza y marginación social.

La intención de los relatos es mostrar como se mueven los personajes en el espacio del llano mexicano, presencia de la fatalidad de la muerte y la existencia misma como destino impredecible, cambiante. Las persecuciones y venganzas forman parte de este, la crueldad siendo una fuerza de varias caras: el hambre, la miseria y el abandono sufridas no como tragedias sino como condiciones naturales. La tierra hostil se halla transfigurada como un ser vivo, observando la naturaleza como una fuerza omnipresente e indómita. La gente permanece en la tierra, se acostumbra a ella y termina integrándose a la misma. Dándose a conocer el continente latinoamericano.

Publicado en 4AC2017, Literatura | Deja un comentario

Virtual Period: film “Marie Antoinette”

TASK: Finish watching the movie “Marie Antoinette”, by Sofia Coppola and answer the following questions.

1) Marie Antoinette is sometimes referred to as “The Teenage Queen”. What attitudes in the movie can show that?

Marie is, at first, very much an outsider, summoned from Austria as a 14-year-old to be the bride of the future Louis XVI. Crossing the border, she is stripped of her clothes and her beloved pug, Mops, and welcomed into a world of rigorously observed, often ridiculous forms. She is referred to as “The Teenage Queen” because of some of the following attitudes: her constant disobedience, the doing of things people did not expect the future queen to do such as: laughing, singing, always trying to call people’s attentions, etc. Also, she was too young and that’s the reason why she could not comply with what was expected from her.
On one occasion she breaks with tradition by applauding at the opera, and then appears onstage herself, showing her profligate and self-indulgent behaviour.

2) After her first child is born she shows many changes in her attitude and lifestyle. How? Provide examples. Why do you think that happens?

After her first child was born, Marie adopts a more mature behaviour. She feels responsible of her child and that someone depended on her. As to be present on her child’s first years, she decided moving to a country house where she taught her about nature. However, this did not take her away from her extravagant life.

3) Some historians have often suggested that Marie Antoinette’s behaviour helped encourage agitation in the people at the beginning of the Revolution. Can you find any instances in the movie that confirm or deny this claim?

Yes, once she takes a lover, a dashing Swedish nobleman, and turns Petit Trianon, a royal retreat that was a gift from her husband, into a kind of Versailles V.I.P. room, where she drinks, gardens, reads Rousseau and plays shepherdess. These activities have often been mocked and were the source of scandal and outrage in the years before the revolution.

4) Towards the end of the movie, we see a more mature woman. How does she show she has somehow stopped being “The Teenage Queen”?

At the end of the movie, we see Marie Antoinette really worried and when the people came to attack the Palace her husband wanted to convince her to go away with her children but she decided to stay by his side showing her growth in character, personality and at last she could be more mature. Though late, she realised the heart and difficult situation the country was.

Publicado en 4AC2017, history, Ingles | Deja un comentario

Virtual Period: Verse written

Choose a song that deals with the same topic, find a video and analyse it. I worked with Trinidad Torrendell. 

The song I choose was originally created by Charlie Puth, and then Khalifa was invited to add rap verses to the song. It plays at the end of Fast and Furious 7 as Paul Walker and Vin Diesel’s characters drive separate ways, its about Paul Walker and is to commemorate his passing and how much he meant to others. “See You Again” is an ode to a lifetime of friendship and closeness.
The relationship between the poem and the song is that both of them deal with the presence of loss and death, and both are farewells to someone’s important in the narrators lives. Where as in the song it’s a friend in the poem it’s directed to her husband.

The song:

See you Again
Wiz Khalifa

Lyrics

It’s been a long day without you, my friend
And I’ll tell you all about it when I see you again
We’ve come a long way from where we began
Oh, I’ll tell you all about it when I see you again
When I see you again
Dang, who knew?
All the planes we flew
Good things we’ve been through
That I’ll be standing right here talking to you
’Bout another path
I know we loved to hit the road and laugh
But something told me that it wouldn’t last
Had to switch up
Look at things different, see the bigger picture
Those were the days
Hard work forever pays
Now I see you in a better place (see you in a better place)
Uh
How can we not talk about family when family’s all that we got?
Everything I went through you were standing there by my side
And now you gon’ be with me for the last ride
It’s been a long day without you, my friend
And I’ll tell you all about it when I see you again
We’ve come a long way from where we began
Oh, I’ll tell you all about it when I see you again
When I see you again
(Aah oh, aah oh
Wooooh-oh-oh-oh-oh-oh)
Yeah
First you both go out your way
And the vibe is feeling strong
And what’s small turn to a friendship
A friendship turn to a bond
And that bond will never be broken
The love will never get lost
And when brotherhood come first
Then the line will never be crossed
Established it on our own
When that line had to be drawn
And that line is what we reach
So remember me when I’m gone
How can we not talk about family when family’s all that we got?
Everything I went through you were standing there by my side
And now you gon’ be with me for the last ride
So let the light guide your way, yeah
Hold every memory as you go
And every road you take, will always lead you home, home
It’s been a long day without you, my friend
And I’ll tell you all about it when I see you again
We’ve come a long way from where we began
Oh, I’ll tell you all about it when I see you again
When I see you again
Aah oh, aah oh
Wooooh-oh-oh-oh-oh-oh
Yeah
When I see you again
See you again
When I see you again
Aah oh, aah oh
Wooooh-oh-oh-oh-oh-oh
Yeah
When I see you again

Video: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=RgKAFK5djSk

 

Publicado en 4AC2017, Ingles, literature, Uncategorized | Deja un comentario

Revista Literaria: “El Mundo de las Mujeres”

En Literatura, con nuestra profesora Camila Alberti, estuvimos trabajando en un proyecto que consistía en crear una revista literaria sobre un tópico que hayamos elegido. En nuestro caso, creamos una revista tratando el tema de las mujeres, que escribían, que leían, etc. Yo trabaje junto con: Francesca, Trinidad, Felix, Juan y Victoria.

Aqui se encunetra nuestra revista:

https://www.canva.com/design/DACfVLiBHgY/view

 

Publicado en 3AC2016, Castellano, Literatura | Deja un comentario

Virtual Period: Soldier, rest! // The Death

Task of the week: 

  1. Check out the following page: https://www.poetryfoundation.org/articles/70139/the-poetry-of-world-war-i
  2. Choose one poem and prepare an analysis.
  3. Compare it to “Soldier, Rest!”
  4. Illustrate it with pictures and explain which different parts of the poem they illustrate.
  5. Post the analysis in your blog.

Done by: Trinidad Torrendell, Sol Bernusi, Victoria Lupi & me.

Analysis: 

Both poems are totally different. Rupert Brooke (“ The dead”) and Sir Walter Scott (“Soldier, rest!”) present different points of view. In the following poem, Soldier rest, Scott paints an attractive picture of death to the weary and battered soldier/hunter. Death is presented as a restful sleep where all the stresses and strains of martial life drift off to nothingness. The main characters of the poem, the soldier, are made to obey orders as the title says “Soldier, rest!” which take them to death, give up, war is over, so their lives. In this poem, death isn’t represented as being something to fear as it frees the soldier’s mind of fighting and danger that are presumed to dominate his life.

On the other hand, “The dead” written by Sir Walter Scott shows war as an honorable act and experience highlighting the positive aspects of war. At first he tackles with the daily routine of men before going to war, they are loved, they feel happiness, etc. He creates a warm atmosphere shared with the colours and times of the day, the weather. However, suddenly all this comes to an end when they become soldiers and have to face death. He also indicates, in the line ‘washed…to mirth’, that yet this life was not perfect and that they too have their share of problems and unhappiness, but still they do not hesitate to laugh it off as being part and parcel of life. When it says “dawn is their” it represents that their time to shine has come and that they appreciated the little things in life like: friendship, love, happiness.

This may have to do with the fact that he never took part in war and never saw action because he died before entering into the First World War (1914-1918). That’s why he could ignore the ravages of war, and glorify it as an experience that renders the soldier above the ordinary mass of humanity.

We believe that both poems mention war as part of humanity though both them treat them in a totally different manner. We identified ourselves with the second poem as in some point we are in the same place as Rupert Brooke, we like people to defend our nation and values but we don’t take part in it. We talk as outsiders. Did you ever take into account the million lives that were sacrificed during a war? Is war the best way to sort out conflict between nations?

 

Link: https://www.canva.com/design/DACdlqltLMc/view

https://sdk.canva.com/v1/embed.jsThe supreme art of war de Felicitas Donato

Publicado en 4AC2017, literature | Deja un comentario

History Virtual Period

Task of the week: Find key information about Napoleon Bonaparte’s life (dates, early life, achievements, political career, etc) and prepare a short powerpoint, prezi or any kind or presentation with it. (This is not for any oral presentation, just to post in your blogs).

Napoleon Bonaparte’s Presentation

Publicado en 4AC2017, history, Ingles | Deja un comentario

Virtual Period: “An Englishman’s Home”

Task of the week: 

  • Get together (2-3 people) and choose 5 questions to explore in detail. Write the answers in your blog.

I worked with: Tota Lupi, Trini Torrendell and Sol Bernusi.

1) Compile a list of lexis about social hierarchy. What does this tell the reader about the characters, the setting and the ideas?

The ‘Coda’ is an ending part of a literary word that is separate from the previous part. We can say that “An Englishman’s home” ends with a coda and not a typical ending since the center of attention changes completely from what it previously was. This is because during the story the reader will think that the main topic is Mr.Metcalfe’s wish of becoming a true countryman but then, the reader realizes that the center of the parody are the two mysterious mans who bought the landscape in first place.

2) Later on, when conflict between the characters becomes more obvious, Waugh uses semantic fields of war and battle. Find examples and comment on what this conveys about the changing characters, their relationships and the ideas behind the story.

The tension in the story begins to rise mainly during the meeting that Mr Metcalfe summoned. That is where the characters learn of the differing opinions and positions that each neighbor takes. And Waugh, in a subtle way, uses semantic fields of war and battle to portray this conflicting situation.
One example where this literary technique is reflected is when it is described the reaction that took place at the Manor. It was said to take place in the form of an “explosion of wrath”. The word explosion connotes war, violence and aggressiveness. Therefore, it allows to portray the scene as one that is seriously hostile and upsetting for the villagers.
Another example is when it is made clear that most people believe that Mr Metcalfe should be the only one to take responsibility and action for this problem. It says: “Duty called, clearly and unmistakably, to Mr Metcalfe alone”. The use of the word duty also makes allusion to battle and the tasks that are entrusted to each soldier. So this depicts that Mr Metcalfe was expected to walk into the battlefield alone and fight by himself.
Finally, the meeting resembles greatly one destined to plan out the next move in a battle. Mr Metcalfe even points out his “readiness to co-operate” and that he “would willingly stand down”. These claims, if out of contest, could easily be mistaken for ones being told between leaders and allies during war.

3) Find examples of how Waugh conveys the importance of maintaining status through appearance and how we can see social hypocrisy through this.

Throughout the story “An Englishman’s Home” Waugh very distinctly and deeply depicts how crucial the maintenance of status is through appearance. In fact when we, as readers, analyse the relationship of the characters, we can find that the characters of the story limit themselves when expressing themselves due to worries on how they are going to be perceived. For example, when discussing how to fix the problem (factories planning to be build in the countryside) Lady Peabury stops herself from stating her true intentions because she didn’t want to appear inferior economically than Mr. Metcalf “Delicacy forbade recognition of the vital fact that Mr. Metcalfe was very much the richer—delicacy tempered with pride.”The protagonist, also, constantly addresses what being a TRUE countryman is, bringing the reader to question: If he tries so hard to be a countryman, and has so much conflict, then will he ever be a genuine and natural countryman? Both of this examples, showcase the hypocrisy of the country people. By putting so much weight on what other people think about them, and what they are expected to be, they are left trapped in their image. More actors than anything else, forcibly living. By living in a lie, they achieve exactly the opposite of what they aspire to be. In fact, by trying to be superior than others, they emphasize the fact that they think they aren’t, so they have to act it.

5) Waugh sometimes builds long descriptions which seem to lead to a climax but in fact end anticlimactically. For instance, look at the over romanticised ideal of the rural life of a ‘landowner’ on p135 and Metcalfe’s ‘sudden change’ into the ‘Lion of the Rotarians’ on p142. Explore how Waugh builds up his initial crescendo of feeling and what this leads us to expect. Then consider the anticlimactic end and what the effect of the irony is. How can this reflect further ideas about the text?

Waugh creates this crescendo of feeling in each one of his descriptions when he is talking about careful matters that need irony to be interpretated. For instance, in the first example given, Metcalfe is talking about the land he owns. It is known from the beginning that Metcalfe was a new rich, not an aristocrat like his neighbors and that is a difference we see all through out the story. People treat him differently even though he has the same amount of money as the others, the difference is how the got it. So, to put irony into this “conflict” between aristocrats and new rich people he starts describing all his land and how he could afford even more, but at the same time he cant afford any more without being judge by his neighbors. On the second example we see he is talking about the deal they, himself and the neighbors, were trying to close so that the land is not bought by industrial people. All of a sudden he is no longer a countryman but money they could use to continue living as they were. Metcalfe says this with irony because he knows what they are trying to do but although it has a bad look, because they are using him, he takes advantage of it because he now controls everyone in what he calls The Rotarians, meaning a sort of club were only aristocrats were allowed in. This use of irony in both descriptions is what creates this anticlimatic effect because all of a sudden we are in a satire again and things are seen as they should.

7) How are the characters shown as outsiders compared to the rural working people? What is the effect of this? How does Waugh show that they view each other as outsiders and what is implied by this? To what extent are the newcomers accepted into society by the end of the story?

Mr. Metcalfe is shown as an outsider in the story, in change Boggett, is not. Boggett is at the bottom of the social pyramid, however still a part of Aristocratic Society, and accepted. But Mr. Metcalfe is rich, he is a landowner, he has a family and employees but he is not accepted in the aristocratic group because he is a “new rich”. He had to work for his money, unlike Aristocrats which inherited it. An example of this is when the lands that are next to Metcalfe’s lands which were owned by Lord Brockhurst are sold to a man who is planning to build a factory. The aristocrats blame without a doubt that Mr Metcalfe was to responsible for not buying when he was offered to. By the end of the story, Mr Metcalfe is partly accepted by society because they end up accepting the deal where everyone puts in a part to be able to buy the land and save it from being built on.

Publicado en 4AC2017, Ingles, literature | Deja un comentario

Ensayo: “La figura de la mujer”

  • En el area de Literatura estuvimos estudiando y analizando el rol de la mujer en la literatura, el caso de “Las Hermanas Ocampo”.  Por ello, nuestra profesora Camila nos pidió que redactáramos un ensayo refutando o aprobando la siguiente postura.

“La mujer es el sexo más débil”

         A lo largo del tiempo, se consideró a la mujer como el sexo más débil debido a la estructura corporal de la misma, creándose así un mito generado por la sociedad. A pesar de ser irrelevante este hecho, porque el tamaño del cuerpo no determina la debilidad y fragilidad del individuo.

              Dichas creencias durante siglos han hecho que la mujer se sintiese debil y fragil y que esta se viese obligada a realizar  determinadas tareas llamadas “artes femeninas”,entre las cuales podemos nombrar las actividades de  coser, bordar, tejer, entre otras. Esto ha obligado a la mujer a exagerar las “diferencias” entre ambos sexos ya que su aceptación social, depende de ello.                                                                                                                            

Como consecuencia, las habilidades de la mujer se fueron reprimiendo por sus miedos manteniendolas en la penumbra reprimiendo la de sus talentos y de su creatividad. Incluso, muchas mujeres se abstuvieron a usar sus cuerpos por temor al ridículo o porque dichas presunciones hicieron que estas piensen que estaban incapacitadas para llevar a cabo estas actividades.

Pero, existen razones por la cual dicho mito se cuestiona. La fuerza y la habilidad no tiene nada que ver con el sexo, sino con el adecuado entrenamiento y la capacidad de mejorar. Amen de ello, las mujeres han establecido nuevos récords mundiales en diversos deportes en mayor  o igual grado que los hombres. Pero si existen distintas maneras de afrontar o experimentar la competencia deportiva mientras que , las mujeres quieren ganar la aprobación de otros, los hombres buscan simplemente ganar.

         Sin embargo y a pesar de todo, la mujer ha tenido el valor, el coraje y la fuerza para ir decididamente más allá de lo que el mundo pre establecido le ofrece. Es un mundo ya de por sí herido de muerte, que fue conformado por leyes involutivas establecidas por la sociedad.

         Lamentablemente a no todos los países del mundo se le otorga a la mujer, el lugar  que ella merece por derecho propio.

         Es así que,  la misma mujer  fue quien ha tenido que brindarse a sí misma esos derechos y todas las oportunidades y posibilidades de ascensión, aun en contra de todo y de todos. Asumiendo y corriendo de esta forma, el riesgo a ser etiquetada. Con lo hasta ahora expuesto podemos adentrarnos en el concepto de igualdad de género. Dicho principio de orden constitucional estipula que, los hombres y mujeres son iguales ante la ley”, lo que significa que todas las personas, sin distingo alguno en orden al sexo gozan de los mismos derechos y deberes frente al Estado y la sociedad en su conjunto. Pero realmente cabe preguntarnos, los tenemos?

            Constitucionalmente somos tanto las mujeres como los hombres iguales. Cada ser humano, hombre y mujer, ha sido creado con el  propósito: unirse en  cuerpo y alma para poder  vivir en el   mundo como un lugar mejor y más sagrado.

            En su servicio a Dios, no hay ninguna diferencia entre hombres y mujeres; la única diferencia es la manera en la que el servicio se manifiesta.

         A lo largo de la historia podemos ver como las leyes de la sociedad reprimieron la figura de la mujer e hicieron que ella cuestione sus propias capacidades. Sin embargo al hombre nunca se lo cuestionó por sus pensamiento y acciones machistas, vivimos en una sociedad cuya cultura es extremadamente machista.

       Según la institución de la Real Academia Española el “sexo débil” es el conjunto de mujeres, mientras que el antónimo “sexo fuerte” es el conjunto de hombres. Entonces cómo se puede celebrar el Día Internacional de la Mujer,  durante la cual se lucha a favor de la igualdad de género, si ni siquiera podemos asimilarlo.

        Cuando hablamos de sexo débil, nos referimos a un expresión que se utiliza “con intención despectiva o discriminatoria y peyorativa”.

         Los hombres son físicamente más fuertes. Por naturaleza, son usualmente más agresivos en contraste con la mujer generalmente más sutil. Dicha sutileza tiende a confundirse o relacionarse con el concepto de debilidad. La naturaleza de la mujer, que es sutil, no es débil. Y la naturaleza del hombre, que es agresiva, no es bruta. Para que el hombre y la mujer sean completos, deben poseer ambas energías.

Publicado en 4AC2017, Castellano, Literatura | 1 comentario